The ancient city of Anuradhapura is a special place in Sri Lanka. It was the first capital a long time ago and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In Anuradhapura, there are many old temples and monasteries spread across a big area of about 40 sq km. These temples are very old but still in good condition after thousands of years. People who follow the Buddhist religion think Anuradhapura is a very important and holy city. We can learn a lot about the country’s history by looking at this place.

Amazing Historical Places

Ruwanwelisaya Stupa

One of the most famous things in Anuradhapura is the Ruwanwelisaya Stupa. It is a really big structure that is 338 feet tall and Buddhists think it is very holy. The stupa is decorated with beautiful carvings and statues.

Sri Maha Bodhi Tree

In Anuradhapura, you can find the Sri Maha Bodhi Tree, which is believed to be the oldest tree in the world. It is over 2,200 years old and Buddhists believe it is a part of the original tree where Buddha became enlightened. People come here to pray and feel peaceful.

Jetavanaramaya Stupa

The Jetavanaramaya Stupa used to be the tallest stupa in the world a long time ago. Even though it is now in ruins, we can still see how amazing it was. Take a walk around the remains and imagine how it looked in the past.

Abhayagiri Monastery

The Abhayagiri Monastery was a big place where monks used to live and learn. It was an important place for Buddhist activities. Today, we can explore the remains of the buildings and imagine what life was like for the monks.

Culture is Important

Anuradhapura is not just a place for history, but it is also very important to the people of Sri Lanka. There are many temples and holy places where people go to worship and have special ceremonies.


Just a short distance from Anuradhapura is Mihintale, which is known as the birthplace of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. Climbing up the stairs to the top gives us a great view and a chance to see ancient caves and Buddhist monuments. The peaceful atmosphere invites us to think and reflect.

Isurumuniya Temple

The Isurumuniya Temple is near the Tissa Wewa reservoir and has beautiful sculptures and ancient paintings. One famous carving shows two lovers and it is very special. The temple is a calm and quiet place for meditation and self-reflection.